Anti-dumping rules are flexible and open to political bias. In the past ten years, EU investigating institutions have been biased towards the imposition of measures. The European Commission claims that all anti-dumping investigations are “rigorously and professionally carried out”. This new paper by Lucy Davis tests the validity of that statement. Davis makes a rigorous examination of the publicly available information from EU anti-dumping cases. She concludes that procedural reform is needed in the investigation process, to raise assessment standards and abate suspicions of anti-dumping protectionism.