The expansion of the European Union (EU) has prompted the development of a new approach
towards deeper integration with its neighbors: the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP).
Following a brief discussion of the integration strategies pursued since the mid-1990s—the
Barcelona Process and the associated Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EMP) agreements—
this study describes the main elements of the ENP and discusses its potential role in
enhancing implementation of the EMP. To conclude, the paper offers a summary of the key
strategic options for implementing the ENP and stresses the need to integrate the ENP “menu”
into partner countries’ priorities and national development strategies.