Database

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Trading restrictions

NORWAY

Since 2003

Chapter Online sales and transactions  |  Sub-chapter Domain name (DNS) registration requirements
Norwegian administrative regulation on domain names, FOR 2003-08-01 No. 990
According to the domain name regulation, an applicant must be an organization registered in Norway's Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities (Enhetsregisteret). This entails that the organization must run genuine operations and/or have activities and substance according to information specified in the above mentioned register. The company/organization must also have a Norwegian postal address.
Coverage Horizontal
Trading restrictions

NORWAY

Reported in March 2018

Chapter Online sales and transactions  |  Sub-chapter Barriers to fulfillment
De minimis rule
According to Norway's de minimis rule goods with a value of up to 31 SDR / 350 NKR / 45 USD are exempted from taxes and duties collected by customs.
Coverage Horizontal
Trading restrictions

NORWAY

Since 2003

Chapter Online sales and transactions  |  Sub-chapter Barriers to fulfillment
UNCITRAL model law
Norway has not adopted the UNICTRAL model law on e-commerce or e-signatures. However, Section 6 of the Electronic Signatures Act establishes the legal consequences of electronic signatures.
Coverage Horizontal
Restrictions on data

NORWAY

Since 2003

Chapter Intermediary liability  |  Sub-chapter Lack of safe harbor for intermediary liability
Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Commerce White Paper
As part of the European Economic Area (EEA), Norway implemented the EU E-Commerce Directive, which fundamentally determines the legal regulation governing Internet Service Provider (ISP) liability of EU countries. The limitations on liability in the Directive apply to certain clearly delimited activities carried out by internet intermediaries, rather than to categories of service providers or types of information. Articles 12 ("mere conduit"), 13 ("caching") and 15 ("No obligation to monitor") are almost automatically implemented. Only Article 14 ("hosting") has been implemented by way of national adjustments.
Coverage Internet intermediaries
Restrictions on data

NORWAY

Since May 2014

Chapter Data policies  |  Sub-chapter Personal rights to data privacy
C-131/12 - Google Spain SL and Google Inc. v Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (AEPD) and Mario Costeja González
On the 13 of May 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled that individuals are entitled to seek the deletion of links on search engines about themself if the information is outdated or irrelevant, the so-called right to be forgotten. Although the court ruling only applies to the 28 European Member States, four other countries - Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland - are de facto making use of it.
Coverage Search engines
Establishment restrictions

NORWAY

Reported in 2015

Chapter Competition policy  |  Sub-chapter Competition
State Owned Entreprise
Telenor is the incumbent telecommunications provider in Norway. As of March 2015, the Government of Norway owns 53.97% of the total number of shares in the company.
Coverage Telenor
Establishment restrictions

NORWAY


Chapter Intellectual Property Rights  |  Sub-chapter Copyright
Copyright inadequately enforced
It is reported that enforcement of copyright is inconsistent because the authorities lack the capability and resources to handle complains about IPR violations effectively.
Coverage Horizontal
Establishment restrictions

NORWAY

Since 2005

Chapter Intellectual Property Rights  |  Sub-chapter Copyright
Norwegian Copyright Legislation implementing the EU Copyright Directive (2001/20/EC)
Norway follows the European droit d'auteur tradition in the general approach to copyright legislation. However, the system allows for exceptions to the authors' rights. Such provisions include, inter alia, the use of works for educational purposes, use for the disabled, copying by libraries, quotations of works as well as private copying. However, there is no fair use or fair dealing.
Coverage Horizontal
Establishment restrictions

NORWAY


Chapter Investment  |  Sub-chapter Screening of investment and acquisitions
Government screening
According to an USTR report, the Norwegian government screens investments on a case-by-case basis based on the "public interest" principle. This principle is reported as being vague and permitting broad discretion.
Coverage Horizontal
Establishment restrictions

NORWAY

Since 1997

Chapter Investment  |  Sub-chapter Restrictions on board of directors and managers
Private Limited Liability Companies Act of 1997

Public Limited Liability Companies Act of 1997
At least half of the board of directors and the managing director of a Limited Liability Company must be resident in the EEA (i.e. the EU and the EEA/EFTA states Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway).
Coverage Horizontal
Establishment restrictions

NORWAY

Reported in 2012

Chapter Investment  |  Sub-chapter Restrictions on ownership
White Paper on State Owned Enterprises
In order to ensure that Telenor, the biggest telecom operator, remains under Norwegian control, the Norwegian Government holds the majority of the shares in the company (53.97%). A reduction of this percentage requires approval by the Parliament.
Coverage Telenor
Fiscal Restrictions

NORWAY

Since April 2014

Chapter Public Procurement  |  Sub-chapter Preferential purchase schemes covering digital products and services
WTO Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)
Although Norway is a signatory to the WTO Government Procurement Agreement (GPA), its coverage schedules do not include "telecommunications related services" (CPC 754), which is an important service sector for digital trade.
Coverage Telecommunication related services
Fiscal Restrictions

NORWAY

Reported in 2017

Chapter Public Procurement  |  Sub-chapter Preferential purchase schemes covering digital products and services
Limits to foreign participation
It is reported that the right of access to public procurement is limited to regional trade agreement partners and members of the WTO’s Government Procurement Agreement.
Coverage Horizontal
Fiscal Restrictions

NORWAY

Since 2011

Chapter Taxation & Subsidies  |  Sub-chapter Discriminatory tax regime on online services
Norwegian VAT Act
Non-established vendors must charge VAT when supplying electronic services to Norwegian consumers.
Coverage Electronic services
Fiscal Restrictions

NORWAY

Since 2011

Chapter Taxation & Subsidies  |  Sub-chapter Discriminatory tax regime on online services
Norwegian VAT Act
Companies are required to have a physical address in Norway or to appoint a Norwegian VAT representative in order to pay VAT in Norway.
Coverage Horizontal